As part of my plans of outlining aspects of early medieval life I was going to write a post on Trade. In The Northumbrian Saga, Leodgar and Aethelwin are both traders of Anglo-Saxon Northumbria and with the invasion of the Vikings comes a whole new orbit of trade and trade partners, including Thorstein. As usual I ended up with more information than I knew what to do with and when I re-read my notes that I had made from the amazing Regia Anglorum site, I realised that I would be saying pretty much the same thing. So instead of plagiarising and copying word for word what has already been written, I have added a short extract with a link for further information. It really is a great site so check it out.

In the early middle ages, as in other periods of history, trade was an important part of life. If a farmer had a surplus of livestock or produce, he would take it to the nearest market and exchange it for any one of the many things that would be needed around the farm: iron, salt, lead, hone and building stone, wine, fish, flax, antler, etc.. Common sense shows us that many commodities were unavailable on the ‘average’ estate, whether it was in Britain, Ireland or Scandinavia. Some of these things could only be found in a few areas. A class of professionals soon appeared who would carry these commodities from their place of origin to the markets – the merchants.

Some of the commodities traded in the early middle ages did not have to travel far, for example fish. Most had to make a longer journey, such as the iron mined in Kent and the Forest of Dean, the lead mined in Bristol, or the salt obtained from pans in Droitwich and Cheshire. More ‘exotic’ items came from overseas, including quern-stones from the Rhineland that have been found in York…

For more of this article, go here.


Blog Hop: Meet my main character

This week I am involved in another blog tour, this time looking at the main character of my novel. I was invited to join by Edoardo Albert, author of many fiction and non-fiction books including “Northumbria: The Lost Kingdom” which … Continue reading


Under the pump a little this month so instead of another in depth article I want to share another long poem from The Northumbrian Saga, one that I like almost as much as The Wanderer but for very different reasons. This one is Viking in origin and is called Rigsthula, or the Lay of Rig. As you will see, Rig is not only adventurous but, shall we say, very friendly with the women he stays with. Behind the poem is the description of Scandinavian social hierarchy, beginning with the thralls or slaves at the very bottom (ugly and calloused from work) to the Jarls and finally Kon or King at the top.

Continue reading

The Witan: Trying to keep kings in their place since 5th century AD

As I have touched on in a few of the earlier posts, Anglo-Saxon society was based on a hierarchy of kings and their families at the top and everyone else underneath them. So what was keeping these men (and let’s … Continue reading

My writing process blog tour

Hi everyone. Well you are all very lucky to not only receive two blog posts in two days, but also two writing updates in a month… sort of. I have been tagged in the My writing process blog tour by author Matthew Harffy. The idea is not only to let readers know a few things about your own creative world, but to also link in with the worlds of others. Matthew Harffy and I may write about different time periods but we are linked together by our love of the history of Northumbria, or in Matthew’s case, the Kingdom of Bernicia which joined with Deira to form the Kingdom of Northumbria. You can read all about his writing process and his books here.

Now onto the sacred questions!!!

1) What am I working on? Right now I am working on the sequel to The Northumbrian Saga and a novella set in the period between Books one and two in The Northumbrian Saga Series.

Regular followers of my blog will know that I have recently decided to split the sequel to TNS1 into two books, as the storyline is too big to be condensed. I am a bit excited about this book as it will be written from a male perspective as well as delving into the Viking side of life as opposed to the female Anglo-Saxon view in TNS1. So there are a lot more battle scenes, more politics, more relationships to unravel, and a few cameos from the first book. By the end of the third book a lot will be answered, especially in relation to Ailith, Leodgar and the fate of the northern earls and King Ricsige.

The Novella is set between the two TNS novels and within the kingdom of Northumbria, but with differnt characters. It is a stand alone story based loosely on the ascension of Guthred Hardacnut from slave to King of York and the move of St Cuthberts relics from Lindisfarne around the Kingdom for seven years. It’s a really interesting story and there is even a cameo from the Archbishop of York in TNS1, Wulfhere.

2) How does my work differ from others of its genre? I think as far as Historical fiction goes as a genre, that before the saxon series by Bernard Cornwell, not many people wrote about this period. Especially when it came to the Kingdom of Northumbria or its history. Scholars and people like myself who have an interest in studying this period of course would have, but the general public still think of the Anglo-Saxon period as a vague time period where not much happened, or they think almost solely of Alfred the Great or the events leading up to 1066. I wanted to bring the earlier time period and one of the lesser known kingdoms into the light and hopefully portray it in a way that more people can enjoy as well as learn.

As far as The Northumbrian Saga goes, it is different in that it is from the perspective of a woman. Don’t get me wrong, I love my battle scenes, but I wanted to stand apart a little from the crowd and perhaps show a different side of the events. I wanted to show how it affected those who were left behind in York while the main Danish army attacked the rest of England. In order to describe the politics of the time, I decided to make Aethelwin a member of the previous royal dynasty, a move that I later realised set me up very nicely for book 3. She is a strong and tough woman with the best of intentions, however she is not your usual heroine. Her fight for Northumbria begins to border on the fanatical and in the end almost loses all of her chances of happiness for herself and others.

3) Why do I write what I do? I guess I kind of answered that above. I just find the time period fascinating. There is so much information out there if you only look. Of course there was once a time when the term Dark Ages was a justifiable term, but in the last ten years at the very least there has been so much uncovered by archaeologists and historians. Plus people are genuinely interested in this era. I have already mentioned the hugely popular series by Bernard Cornwell, but also the History Channel’s Vikings series, Thor, and many other books by authors such as Giles Kristian, Patricia Bracewell, Carol McGrath, Heather Day Gilbert, Paula Lofting, Nicola Griffith, John Snow, Peter Whitaker, Gina Conkle, A J Sefton, Jason Born, Matthew Harffy… honestly the list goes on and on. So that is why I write what I do. Because I want to join these people in bringing a little more awareness to the early medieval period, because it fascinates me and I love learning about it, and because writing is a hell of a lot cheaper than therapy!


4) How does my writing process work? I think this is one of the most annoying and ambiguous questions there are. Mainly because my process changes from day to day and depends on what I am working on (stages of novel or even blog posts or other ideas). I write whenever I have time. I prefer to work in the lounge on the sofa because it’s more comfy than the study (I know, but it is more of a junk room now), and it’s closer to the kitchen and has better light. Plus sofas are extremely useful for spreading out reference books and notepads on. I usually do more writing at night than first thing in the morning for some reason, but if I get a chance I can work during the day. And… well, as far as layout goes, I research and outline first to get the bare bones of the historical timeline sorted, then usually as i’m doing this I get ideas and inspiration for characters and scenes that I then weave in and out of the historical timeline. Then I flesh it out on Scrivener (God send, truly) and then spend what seems like an eternity editing. All through this I pepper thousands of cups of coffee and, don’t judge, sometimes if i’m writing after (or during) dinner I write with a glass of wine. Although usually I am not classy enough to have a red on standby so I have Jim Beam and cola. You would too. Writing is harder than you think!

So there you have it. That is all she wrote, for now.

But don’t despair, if you want to know more about the creative endeavours of writers, then there here are some more that you can check out in the blog hop.

jai Baidell blog hop Jai Baidell lives in Canberra, Australia, a very long way from the beach, and writes the blog Canberra—real place, real people. Jai has published two novels, The Corrieva Contract and The Hallami Deal.








Helena P. Schrader earned a PhD in History from University of Hamburg. As a novelist, she has focused on historical fiction and biographical fiction set in Ancient Sparta, the Middle Ages and World War Two (WWII). Visit her website: for a complete, description and reviews of her publications, or follow her blog: for updates on current works in progress. For more on the Middle Ages visit: or follow her blog on the Crusader Kingdoms at: Defending the Crusader Kingdoms


Stuart Anderson writes a blog that showcases his love of the Sci-Fi/Fantasy & Horror genres. It was originally started 18 months ago just as a means for him to scribble a few thoughts and self-indulgent opinions on some of his favourite movies etc – all intended with a fair modicum of self-depreciating humour. He doesn’t take himself too seriously!

 However, quite unintentionally the blog has morphed into something quite different with the opportunity to review new works and to interview a whole range of people (some well known, some not so well known) within the genre’s mainstream and the more obscure fair! Supporting British productions and the independent-minded.

jen christopherson

Jen Christopherson is a person of dreams, realistic and extraordinary. Her favorite hobby is to read and her passion for writing is unparalleled. Nothing can stop her when she gets an idea and that is not necessarily a bad thing. She can be stubborn, bullheaded, and, sometimes, even sarcastic, but there is no better person to be around when she is in a good mood. As a child, she read a library and then wrote a library.

And don’t forget, if you enjoyed this post or any other, vote for A H Gray in the Best Australian Blog Awards

Anglo-Saxon palace complexes

After the initial migration period of Angles and Saxons in the 5th and 6th centuries there was a shift from chieftainships and petty kingships with small territories to larger kingdoms (such as the kingdoms of Deira and Bernicia which themselves … Continue reading