The fyrd was the Anglo-saxon fighting force. From the beginning of the Anglo-saxon period around 410AD right through to 1066, the structure of the fyrd evolved but it’s main task was always the same, to fight wars and battles for their chieftain or king when needed. The best evidence for the structure of a fyrd… Continue reading The Anglo-saxon fyrd
Year The early anglo Saxons based their year on the lunar calendar, when a month was marked by the phases of the moon (hence the name monath from the word mona meaning moon). As a result a year was made of 354 days. This obviously resulted in an accumulation of days at the end of… Continue reading Seasons and festivals: Time in Anglo Saxon and Viking England
Weaving was not just a genteel accomplishment for rich ladies with nothing much else to do. It was the only way to clothe yourself, to make sails for your ships, to decorate your home, to make bags and sacks or blankets. It was a very lengthy process that in the end perhaps resulted in no… Continue reading Textiles and weaving.
Right up until the industrial revolution at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries, Britain’s (and really the world’s) economy was largely based around agriculture. Settlements were mostly rural and even large centres such as monasteries, royal estates and palaces, and trading centres called wics would have been very rural by… Continue reading Country living: Buildings in early medieval rural communities